I don’t think the study can claim all the things it does based on the evidence they have.
About the movement of organelles: There are molecular motor proteins that haul them around!
It’s been known for some time that bacteria evade antibiotics by mutating the target of the antibiotic, often at a cost to themselves.
He has a different take on imperfection, one more optimistic than one might expect from someone who writes about what’s wrong with us.
Think of a situation where you have to crack the code on a bank vault, with many dials in the code, say 150, each specifying 1 out of 10 digits.