While humans invented algorithms only within the last century, enabling the development of AI, animals exhibit behavioral algorithms that long predate humans.
Learning is largely a programmed behavior, governed by a type of algorithm, particularly for animals with limited cognitive ability.
A question is whether such mechanisms exist in more ancient brain regions of other animals. A new study has identified a self-location mechanism in zebrafish.
Of course, ants and other animals do not make decisions in a “conscious” manner as humans would. Instead they rely on algorithms.
These elements of harvester ant behavior present a severe challenge for the evolutionary paradigm.